Routier & ors v HMRC [2019] UKSC 43

Spring 2020

C died in 2007 in Jersey, leaving her residuary estate on trust (the trust) for purposes that were agreed to have been exclusively charitable under English law. C directed in her will that the proper law of the trust was the law of Jersey. The appellants, who were domiciled in Jersey, were appointed to be C’s executors and the trustees of the trust. C’s estate included assets in the United Kingdom amounting to £1.7m. In 2010 the appellants retired as trustees (but not as executors) and were replaced by a UK resident trustee. C’s will was then amended so as to make the p...

Gabriel v Little [2013] EWCA Civ 1513

Web Only

Scott v Southern Pacific Mortgages Limited & ors [2014] UKSC 52 On appeal from: [2012] EWCA Civ 17

July/August 2015 #151

The appeal arose from one of what were originally ten test cases in which the defendant home owners (the vendors) were persuaded to sell their properties to purchasers (the purchasers) who promised the vendors the right to remain in their homes after the sale. The purchasers bought the homes with the assistance of mortgages from lenders (the lenders), who were not given notice of the promises to the vendors. Neither the rights of occupation promised by the purchasers to the vendors nor the tenancies granted by the purchasers were permitted by the lenders’ mortgage. Exchange of cont...

FHR European Ventures LLP & ors v Cedar Capital Partners LLC [2014] UKSC 45

September 2014 #142

The claimants engaged Cedar Capital Partners LLC (Cedar) to act as their agent in negotiating the purchase by FHR European Ventures LLP of the issued share capital of Monte Carlo Grand Hotel SAM (which owned a long leasehold interest in the Monte Carlo Grand Hotel) from Monte Carlo Grand Hotel Ltd (vendor). As such an agent, Cedar owed a fiduciary duty to the claimants, notwithstanding which it entered into an exclusive brokerage agreement with the vendor to provide for the payment of a €10m fee following completion – the vendor was paid €211.5m when the purchase was completed ...

Williams v Central Bank of Nigeria [2014] UKSC 10

June 2014 #140

In connection with a transaction dating back to 1986 the respondent paid $6,520,190 to a solicitor in England to be held in trust on terms that it should not be released until certain funds were made available to him in Nigeria. The solicitor pocketed $500,000 and, in fraudulent breach of trust, paid out the balance to the appellant’s account with Midland Bank in London. It was alleged that the appellant was a party to the fraud. The respondent obtained permission to serve a claim form out of the jurisdiction and an application was made to set aside that permission.

Suppers...

Marley v Rawlings & anr [2014] UKSC 2

March 2014 #137

Mr Alfred Rawlings and his wife Maureen Rawlings instructed a solicitor to draft their wills in mirror form. Each spouse intended to leave his or her entire estate to the survivor of them, but provided that, should the other have predeceased or survived them for less than a month, their estates should be left to the appellant, who was not related to them but whom they treated as their son. Mr and Mrs Rawlings’ solicitor attended them on 17 May 1999 to enable a due execution of draft wills containing these provisions. By an oversight, their solicitor gave each spouse the other’...

Prest v Petrodel Resources Ltd & ors [2013] UKSC 34

September 2013 #132

Michael Prest (husband) and Yasmin Prest (wife) were married for 15 years and had four children before the wife petitioned for divorce in March 2008. During the marriage the matrimonial home was in England, though for most of the time the husband was found to be resident in Monaco and there was also a second home in Nevis. Petrodel Resources Ltd (PRL), which was incorporated in the Isle of Man, was the legal owner of the matrimonial home and five other residential properties in the United Kingdom. PRL was part of a group of companies, one of which was the legal owner of two more resident...

Futter & anr v HMRC; Pitt & anr v HMRC [2013] UKSC 26

July/August 2013 #131

The first appeal concerned two settlements, made with non-resident trustees, by Mr Futter. Considerable ‘stockpiled’ gains were rolled up while the trusts were non-resident and, in exercise of the powers conferred by the trusts, new resident trustees were appointed and capital was distributed to Mr Futter and his children in the mistaken belief that the ‘stockpiled’ gains, which would be attributed to them, would be absorbed by allowable losses that had been realised, so that no liability to capital gains tax would arise. In advising as to the effect of s87

Re Lehman Brothers Intl (Europe) [2010] EWCA Civ 917

October 2012 #123

Lehman Brothers International (Europe) (LBIE), an English unlimited company, was the principal European trading company in the Lehman Brothers group. LBIE entered administration on 15 September 2008. The administrators made several applications to the court for directions.

The issues on appeal concerned the application of chapter 7 of the Client Assets Sourcebook (CASS 7) issued by the Financial Services Authority (FSA). CASS 7 was intended to transpose the Markets in Financial Instruments Directive 2004/39/EC (MiFID) and its Implementing Directive into English law, under the FSA&...

R (Davies & anr) v HMRC; R (Gaines-Cooper) v HMRC [2011] UKSC 47

March 2012 #117

The first appellants were property developers who were resident in the UK until 2001 when, with the benefit of professional advice designed to bring about a cessation of their ordinary residence here, they moved to Belgium to take up employment with a Belgian company of which they had become directors and shareholders. They claimed to rely on the general guidance published by the Revenue entitled ‘Residents and non-residents – Liability to tax in the United Kingdom’, known as IR20. Later that year they realised chargeable gains in respect of which they were liable to ca...