The 1975 Act: Applying the principles

Amy Berry provides practical points on seeking to extend time under s4 of the Inheritance (Provision for Family and Dependants) Act 1975 It is of fundamental import to remember that the divorce fiction, to which the pre-acquired/non-matrimonial asset issue relates, is only one aspect of the s3 criteria that the court must weigh when considering …
This post is only available to members.

Kelly v Brennan & ors [2021] WTLR 613

Wills & Trusts Law Reports | Summer 2021 #183

C was a brother of the deceased (PK). He was the executor of PK’s will and also a beneficiary. Ds were the adult children of PK’s sister. PK’s will divided the residue into ten equal shares (including a share for each of PK’s sister’s children). C brought a claim under s20 Administration of Justice Act 1982 (AJA 1982) for rectification of the will so that the residue would instead be divided into six equal shares (with one share being shared between PK’s sister’s children). The claim was opposed by D3 and D4.

PK ...

Thakare & ors v Bhusate [2020] WTLR 691

Wills & Trusts Law Reports | Summer 2020 #179

A widow brought a claim for reasonable financial provision to be made for her from her late husband’s estate. The claim was brought 25 years and nine months after the six-month time limit mandated by s4 of the Inheritance (Provision for Family and Dependants) Act 1975.

At first instance Chief Master Marsh, exercising the broad discretion afforded by s4 of the 1975 Act, gave permission for the claim to be brought, notwithstanding the extremely long time since the six-month period had expired: see Bhusate v Patel.

The facts of the...

Hendry v Hendry & Pertiwi [2020] WTLR 175

Wills & Trusts Law Reports | Spring 2020 #178

The claimant, who was born in the Philippines, married Michael Frederick Hendry (the deceased) on 31 October 2003. He was 20 years older and already had three adult children. They entered into a pre-nuptial agreement which provided that in the event of the marriage failing the claimant would receive a lump sum of £10,000 and a one-way flight to the Philippines. In the event, they separated on 24 June 2016. The deceased made a will on 6 August 2016 dividing his residuary estate equally between the first and second defendants and appointing the third defendant as executor. The claimant pet...

Cowan v Foreman [2019] EWCA Civ 1336

Wills & Trusts Law Reports | Autumn 2019 #176

The appellant appealed from an order of Mostyn J by which he refused her permission pursuant to s4 of the Inheritance (Provision for Family and Dependants) Act 1975 (the 1975 Act) to bring an application out of time for reasonable financial provision out of the estate of her late husband (the deceased), who had died in 2016 leaving an estate of £29m. By his will the deceased left all his business assets qualifying for 100% business property relief on a discretionary trust (the business property trust) for a class of beneficiaries (the discretionary beneficiarie...

Cowan v Foreman [2019] EWHC 349 (Fam)

Wills & Trusts Law Reports | Summer 2019 #175

The claimant applied for an order under the Inheritance (Provision for Family and Dependants) Act 1975 (the 1975 Act), s2, against the estate of her deceased husband (the deceased). Probate of the deceased’s will was granted on 16 December 2016 and the application was made on 8 November 2018. Under s4 of the 1975 Act, except with the permission of the court any application for an order under s2 was to be made within six months of the date of the grant. This was an application for permission to make the substantive application out of t...

The 1975 Act: The clock is ticking… or is it?

William East reviews two recent cases on out-of-time 1975 Act claims with different outcomes ‘The decision that “excusable delay” should be for “weeks or, at most, months”, absent “highly exceptional factors”, begs the question of what those factors might be and whether this sets the bar too high given the shortness of the initial time …
This post is only available to members.

Sargeant v Sargeant & anor [2018] EWHC 8 (Ch)

Wills & Trusts Law Reports | Winter 2018 #170

Joe Sargeant (the deceased) died on 10 May 2005 leaving a will dated 20 February 2002. He left a surviving spouse, Audrey Sargeant (who was known as Mary), and two children, Jeff and Jane. By the will, he left his guns and fishing equipment to Jeff and the balance of his personal chattels and the benefit of a life policy worth £75,000 to Mary. The remainder of his estate was left to his trustees on discretionary trust. The class was limited to Mary, Jane and Jane’s issue. His estate was valued at just over £3.2m.

Mary brought a claim under the Inheritance (Provision for Family...

Lloyd v Ayres

Wills & Trusts Law Reports | Summer 2018 #172

The deceased died in January 2008 and letters of administration were granted later that month. The deceased’s death was unexpected, and within a year of her remarriage to the defendant A, which had revoked her previous will leaving her property to her previous spouse and her children. The claimant, L, a son of the deceased, was 17 when the deceased died, and had some mental health difficulties. He was permitted to continue to live in the deceased’s home with his brother and A for some years, until 2014. L was an in-patient in a mental hospital for a time during 2015, and first sought leg...

The Royal Society v Robinson & ors [2015] EWHC 3442 (Ch)

Wills & Trusts Law Reports | March 2017 #167

This was a claim to construe a will or, in the alternative to rectify it. Mr Michael Crowley-Milling (the deceased) died on 24 December 2012. His wife had pre-deceased him and he was survived by one niece, Mrs Lorna Joy Robinson and the children of his other niece (who had predeceased him) James Masterman and Rebecca Masterman (the next of kin). The deceased was a distinguished scientist and had decided to leave the bulk of his estate to the Royal Society.

The deceased left two wills: a Swiss will from February 2006 (the Swiss will) and an English will from October 2009 (the 2009 ...